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Promotional picture of the Landmaster from Damnation Alley
TypeAmphibious APC
Place of originStudio City, California
Service history
In service1976 —
Used by(Fictional) 123rd Strategic Missile Wing, United States Air Force, Tipton Air Force Base, Mojave Desert, California, United States
Production history
DesignerDean Jeffries
ManufacturerJeffries Automotive
Unit costUS$350,000
No. built1
Mass23,000 lb (10,000 kg)
Length35 feet (11 m)
Height12 feet (3.7 m)

Armor38-inch (1 cm) steel plate
2 top mounted rocket launchers
4 side mounted autocannons
2 front mounted retractable bazookas
2 front mounted flamethrowers
Engine391-cubic-inch (6.41 L)
Transmission5-speed Allison
Suspension12-wheel tri-star
Ground clearance2 feet (0.61 m)
hydraulic rams mounted in the center section junction

The Landmaster is a unique 12-wheeled amphibious articulated vehicle constructed by Dean Jeffries at Jeffries Automotive in Universal City, California, for the 1977 science fiction film Damnation Alley (itself based on a novel by Roger Zelazny). Despite the appearance of two Landmasters in the film (achieved with process photography and models), only one was built, at a cost of $350,000 in 1976.[1]



A staple of southern California car culture for many years, the Landmaster was parked in full view next to Dean Jeffries' automotive shop on Cahuenga Boulevard in North Hollywood, California from 1977 to 2005.

The Landmaster was sold to a private owner in 2005 and was restored to its original condition as featured in Damnation Alley. The Landmaster was then on the show car circuit for several years.[2] In 2007 it was featured at the San Francisco Rod & Custom Show at the Cow Palace in San Francisco[3] as part of special exhibit with other notable movie and TV cars.

Sometime in the late 2000s, the Landmaster was vandalized while in storage. The damage was relatively minor, but repair and restoration were required again. In March 2014, Landmaster was moved from its storage location in Campbell, California to a new maintenance and storage facility in central California (see photos and gallery).

In 2016, the Landmaster was moved to Gene Winfield's Custom Shop on Sierra Highway between Rosamond, California and Mojave, California. A 2019 Google Maps image capture shows it can be seen from the road.[4] Gene Winfield's website[5] offers classes but makes no mention of visiting.



Popular Science described the Landmaster:

Three independent drive sources running from a gasoline power plant. Uses semi truck parts in the drive train. Can operate with the front or rear wheel trinary out of commission. Side and top hatches on the main unit and rear and top on the after section. Full running lights and brake lights for urban street use. External video camera is mounted on the forward pylon located just behind the front top hatch. Could also house the antenna. All pylons are hardened and armored. Can operate in water and will remain sealed when fully submerged. Can float while half full of water.[6]

While the film is fiction, the Landmaster vehicle is real. In the story, the Landmaster was designed to use as many standard truck parts as possible, so that any junkyard would have whatever was needed for repairs. The real Landmaster is powered by a 390-cubic-inch (6.4 L) Ford engine, and uses the rear-ends of two commercial trucks and an Allison automatic truck transmission. It features a fully functional, custom-built "tri-star" wheel arrangement, which could actually help it crawl over boulders. All 12 wheels are driven, but only eight are normally in contact with the road surface at any one time.[7]

The vehicle was steered not by turning the front wheels, but by bending the middle section with hydraulic rams to effect a turn, similar to large construction equipment. The Landmaster's bodywork was made with 38-inch (1 cm) steel plate, which helped it tip the scales at over 10 tons. The design's strength allowed it to survive a 25-foot (7.6 m) jump during testing with no damage.


Other appearances


See also



  1. ^ McComb, Gordon; J. Steven York. "Automotive Fantasies—And The Men Who Make Them". Science & Mechanics (unknown): 66–67. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07.
  2. ^ Landmaster picture from its recent showing.
  3. ^ 2007 San Francisco Rod, Custom and Motorcycle Show Event Guide Archived 2009-12-15 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Google Maps".
  5. ^ "Gene Winfield's Custom Shop website".
  6. ^ Scagnetti, Jack (March 1977). "Monster vehicle to star in movie". Popular Science (March, 1977): 83.
  7. ^ "CB Supercar: The Incredible Landmaster". CB Guide (unknown): 12–15.
  8. ^ Herold, Steve (June 23, 2013). "the Road Worrier". YouTube.
  9. ^ Quiet Riot (July 1986). Quiet Riot - the Wild and the Young. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-12.
  10. ^ Landon, Michael (director) (August 1989). Merry Christmas From Grandpa (4). YouTube. Archived from the original on 2016-04-12. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
  11. ^ Jittlov, Mike. The Wizard of Speed and Time. Archived from the original on 2021-12-12.
  12. ^ Baldwin, Peter (director) (November 1990). Get a Life - S1E06 - Paperboy 2000 - Part 3/3. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
  13. ^ Roth, Phillip J. (director) (1994). A.P.E.X 2/7. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2013-02-14.
  14. ^ Stokes, Trey (January 4, 2002). "Dino Island". Motion Simulators. The Truly Dangerous Company. Archived from the original on April 19, 2009.
  15. ^ Ray, Fred Olen (director) (1997). "Hybrid". IMDb.
  16. ^ Kishiro, Yukito (2013). Battle Angel Alita: Last Order Omnibus Vol. 1. Kodansha Comics. pp. 12 & 17. ISBN 978-1612622910.
  17. ^ "007 – ¿Sabías Qué… (Did You Know?…)". 2 December 2013.